• Gareth James

Facing 3-bets Quiz Answers & Explanations

Here are the questions, answers and explanations from our 'Are You a Crusher or a Fish When Facing 3-bets?' quiz.

1. You have 100bb and the blinds are 100/200 with a 200 big blind ante. You open to 500 in the CO and the BTN, a solid regular, 3-bets to 1,750. Both blinds fold. What percentage of your range should you continue in this spot?






At 100bb, you'll often find that all 3-bets are on the bigger side. In this example, the BTN raises 3.5x our 2.5bb raise, which means we should fold more often than if we faced a 3x raise or smaller. We should still be continuing with 57.5% of our range here (either by flatting or 4-betting), but we have to let go of hands like QJo, A9o, J8s and 75s. We should continue with hands like suited broadways, all pairs, all suited Aces and all our suited 9s (i.e. J9s/Q9s), for example.

2. True or false – when you have 30bb in an MTT, you should only 4-bet jam or fold when you get 3-bet.



A few years ago, it used to be believed that you could only jam or fold when you faced a 3-bet at 30bb, but now, with the help of solvers, we know that we can call the 3-bet too. Let's say you raise to 2bb off 30bb from EP 8-handed and MP 3-bets to 6bb. You can flat with hands like KQs, JTs or 99, which means you'll only end up folding about 38% of your opening range

3. Fill in the blank: 8-handed with a BB ante. You open to 2.3bb from EP off 40bb and MP (43bb) 3-bets to 7bb. If you had a hand you wanted to 4-bet, like KK or AKo, you should  ______.


Raise to 15.4bb

At 40bb, the only 4-bet size you want to use is all-in. In this example you'll likely want to jam JJ+,AK and maybe some suited wheel aces like A5s and A4s too.

4. MTT with antes, you open to 2.3bb from the BTN off 60bb with KK. The SB folds and the BB, who you know to be a very good, aggressive player, 3-bets to 9.2bb. What should you do?

Always flat

Always 4-bet to 21.5bb

Sometimes flat, sometimes 4-bet to 21.5bb

The BB will often 3-bet a polarised range because they're getting a great price on a call and so have less incentive to 3-bet. In this example, he's supposed to 3-bet 16.5% of hands which includes 88+, AJ+ at full frequency together with some playable suited hands like T8s and 96s and then blocker-type hands like K6o and A5o. When their range is so polarised to both good and bad hands, we generally want to play our range as a call, flatting about 51% of our range, jamming 6% (like JJ, TT and AKo) and 4-betting 1% (KK/QQ and AKs sometimes). That means that we should flat KK and QQ sometimes too. As we're flatting so wide, it's great to protect that range by calling with QQ+!

5. True or false – you should always slow-play AA versus a 3-bet in tournaments.



While there are situations, like in the example above, where it makes sense to slow-play AA versus a 3-bet, we can't just make a blanket statement that we should always do it. When we're deeper-stacked, we generally want to put as much money as we can in with our best hands. If you're playing against players who don't 3-bet bluff, then slow-playing AA can be a definite mistake as you miss out on value preflop versus a range that won't fold.

6. Tournament, 40bb deep, with antes, you open to 2.3bb from the HJ and the BTN 3-bets to 6.8bb. What's the lowest pair you should jam?





The BTN's 3-betting range is roughly TT+,AQs+ and AKo, which he'll call when we jam, together with some bluffs like K9s,Q9s,A8s and AJo, which he'll fold. Versus this range, we can jam TT for value, but must flat the other pairs as they still play well enough out of position against the BTN's overall range. Jamming 99 and 88 is profitable, but not as profitable as calling.

7. Tournament, with antes. You raise to 2.1bb on the BTN (20bb) and the aggressive SB jams. He has you covered. The BB (22bb) folds. What's the worst offsuit King you should call with?





The SB will often adopt an aggressive jamming strategy at 20bb effective versus a BTN open. Versus a range of 22+, A2s+, K9s+, Q9s+, J9s+, T8s+, A4o+, KTo+ and QJo only KJo and KQo will be profitable calls. You can also call hands like KTs, QJs and A7o.

8. Tournament, 40bb deep, 8-handed with antes, at a tough table, you raise to 2.25bb from the CO with A5s and the BTN 3-bets to 6.75bb. What should you do?




A5s is the new AK! The EV of calling and jamming A5s is very similar, but we want to jam in this situation because we want our opponent to call wider. If we only jam TT+,AK here then the BTN could correctly fold hands as strong as AQs and TT, which we don't want to happen. A5s also plays well enough against our opponent's calling range (it has 33% equity versus KK) and having an Ace reduces the chances he has his easy calls like AA and AK.

9. 100bb with antes, you open to 2.5bb from EP 8-handed at a tough table with KQo. It folds to the BTN who 3-bets to 9bb. What should you do?


4-bet to 22.5bb


It might be tempting to call or even 4-bet bluff with this hand since you block AK, KK and QQ, but it's actually better to just fold. The BTN's 3-betting range in this spot is quite narrow and KQo just doesn't play well enough against it. You'd also have to navigate the rest of the hand from out of position, making it more difficult to realise your equity and play the hand profitably.

10. True or false - with 20bb effective stacks, when you open from the BTN, the SB will 3-bet jam more aggressively than the BB



The SB will adopt a more aggressive strategy since it puts more pressure on both the BB and the BTN. The BB closes the action and can therefore just call without worrying about anyone squeezing, but the SB isn't afford this luxury.

Subscribe to Our Mailing List

© 2020 by MTT Poker School. All rights reserved. 

  • White Facebook Icon
  • White YouTube Icon
  • White Twitter Icon
  • twitch-social-icon-bw
MTT Poker School Logo